The three vocabulary acquisition aids that I've used for any length of time - Holly, Metzger and Trenchard - all listed single words. That is not typical of how language is learnt. Listing standard phrases would be good too.jtauber wrote:Sadly, I haven't seen much evidence of this in beginning Greek textbooks or classes.Stephen Hughes wrote:Set phrases are regularly introduced to students in the early phases of their language acquisition.
I realise that it's beyond what a computer could do by frequency analysis (unless it recognises word classes), but let me add a few things. Different classes of words need different strategies to learn them effectively.
In the majority of cases nouns, verbs, adjectives, prepositions in some contexts and certain types of adverbs can be learnt by one-to-one equivalence rote - simply, without much to do - with good effect.
In some cases there are significant collocations where one word and another roll off the tongue one after the other without extra thought, like that they are expected to be together, e.g. συνεκάλεσαν τὸ συνέδριον καὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γερουσίαν τῶν υἱῶν Ἰσραήλ (Acts 5:21), which I think, are better learnt together.
Other words such as conjunctions, prepositions (in some instances) and temporal adverbs are better learnt in the context of sentence patterns. For them example phrases are especially beneficial. μέν ... δέ ... clauses being an example.
Idioms are also regularly deal with in full and learnt as single units. Not only for things like the special usage of μέρος in the idiom εἰς τὰ μέρη (+gen. of some place) "to the region of such and such a place, but also things like when ἐπὶ πίνακι is not be enough, but needs the full phrase φέρειν / δοῦναι τι ἐπὶ πίνακι "Give me a platter with such and such on it", as required by the idiom of the different languages.