Isaiah Chapter 45

This is a B-Greek reading Group for the LXX Isaiah. This reading group is going through two chapters of the LXX Isaiah per week. Ken Penner, the B-Greek moderator for the "Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha Forum" is writing a commentary on the LXX Isaiah and is sharing his notes with those who wish to read the Isaiah LXX. Dive in, if you dare!
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Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 45

Post by Ken M. Penner » February 17th, 2012, 11:57 am

293. Cyrus, Lord God's anointed (45:1-6)
451 Οὕτως λέγει Κύριος ὁ θεὸς τῷ χριστῷ μου Κύρῳ, οὐκ ἐκράτησα τῆς δεξιᾶς ἐπακοῦσαι ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ ἔθνη, καὶ ἰσχὺν βασιλέων διαρρήξω, ἀνοίξω ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ θύρας, καὶ πόλεις οὐ συγκλεισθήσονται 2 Ἐγὼ ἔμπροσθέν σου πορεύσωμαι καὶ ὄρη ὁμαλιῶ, θύρας χαλκᾶς συντρίψω καὶ μοχλοὺς σιδηροῦς συγκλάσω 3 καὶ δώσω σοι θησαυροὺς σκοτεινούς, ἀποκρύφους ἀοράτους ἀνοίξω σοι, ἵνα γνῷς ὅτι ἐγὼ Κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ καλῶν τὸ ὄνομά σου, θεὸς Ἰσραήλ. 4 ἕνεκεν Ἰακὼβ τοῦ παιδός μου καὶ Ἰσραὴλ‌ τοῦ ἐκλεκτοῦ μου ἐγὼ καλέσω σε τῷ ὀνόματί σου καὶ προσδέξομαί σε, σὺ δὲ οὐκ ἔγνως. 5 ὅτι ἐγὼ Κύριος ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἔτι πλὴν ἐμοῦ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ᾔδεις με, 6 ἵνα γνῶσιν οἱ ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν ἡλίου καὶ οἱ ἀπὸ δυσμῶν ὅτι οὐκ ἔστιν πλὴν ἐμοῦ.
294. Lord God makes all things (45:6-7)
ἐγὼ Κύριος ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἔτι· 7 ἐγὼ ὁ κατασκευάσας φῶς καὶ ποιήσας σκότος, ὁ ποιῶν εἰρήνην καὶ κτίζων κακά· ἐγὼ Κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ ποιῶν πάντα ταῦτα.

295. Lord God formed you (45:8-10)
8 Εὐφρανθήτω ὁ οὐρανὸς ἄνωθεν, καὶ νεφέλαι ῥανάτωσαν δικαιοσύνην· ἀνατειλάτω ἡ γῆ ἔλεος καὶ δικαιοσύνην ἀνατειλάτω ἅμα·
ἐγώ εἰμι Κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ κτίσας σε. 9 Ποῖον βέλτιον κατεσκεύασα ὡς πηλὸν κεραμέως; μὴ ὁ ἀροτριῶν ἀροτριᾷ εἰς τὴν γῆν ὅλην τὴν ἡμέραν; μὴ ἐρεῖ ὁ πηλὸς τῷ κεραμεῖ Τί ποιεῖς, ὅτι οὐκ ἐργάζῃ οὐδὲ ἔχεις χεῖρας; 10 μὴ ἀποκριθήσεται τὸ πλάσμα τῷ πρὸς πλάσαντι αὐτὸν ὁ λέγων τῷ πατρί Τί γεννήσεις; καὶ τῇ μητρί Τί ὠδινήσεις;

296. Ask Lord God about what he produced (45:11)

11 Ὅτι οὕτως λέγει Κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ ἅγιος Ἰσραὴλ ὁ ποιήσας τὰ ἐπερχόμενα Ἐρωτήσατέ με περὶ τῶν υἱῶν μου καὶ περὶ τῶν θυγατέρων μου καὶ περὶ τῶν ἔργων τῶν χειρῶν μου ἐντείλασθέ μοι.
297. Lord Sabaoth ordered the world (45:12-13)
12 ἐγὼ ἐποίησα γῆν καὶ ἄνθρωπον ἐπʼ αὐτῆς, ἐγὼ τῇ χειρί μου ἐστερέωσα τὸν οὐρανόν, ἐγὼ πᾶσι τοῖς ἄστροις ἐνετειλάμην. 13 ἐγὼ ἤγειρα αὐτὸν μετὰ δικαιοσύνης βασιλέα, πᾶσαι αἱ ὁδοὶ αὐτοῦ εὐθεῖαι· οὗτος οἰκοδομήσει τὴν πόλιν μου καὶ τὴν αἰχμαλωσίαν τοῦ λαοῦ μου ἐπιστρέψει οὐ μετὰ λύτρων οὐδὲ μετὰ δώρων, εἶπεν Κύριος Σαβαώθ.

298. Foreigners will worship you (45:14-16)
14 Οὕτως λέγει Κύριος Σαβαώθ Ἐκοπίασεν Αἴγυπτος καὶ ἐμπορία Αἰθιόπων, καὶ οἱ Σαβαεὶν ἄνδρες ὑψηλοὶ ἐπὶ σὲ διαβήσονται καὶ σοὶ ἔσονται δοῦλοι καὶ ὀπίσω σου ἀκολουθήσωσιν δεδεμένοι χειροπέδαις καὶ προσκυνήσουσίν σοι καὶ ἐν σοὶ προσεύξονται, ὅτι ἐν σοὶ ὁ θεός ἐστιν, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν θεὸς πλὴν σοῦ· 15 σὺ γὰρ εἶ ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ᾔδειμεν, ὁ θεὸς τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ σωτήρ. 16 αἰσχυνθήσονται καὶ ἐντραπήσονται πάντες οἱ ἀντικείμενοι αὐτῷ καὶ πορεύσονται ἐν αἰσχύνῃ.

299. Lord will restore Israel (45:16-17)
Ἐγκαινίζεσθε πρός με, νῆσοι. 17 Ἰσραὴλ σῴζεται ὑπὸ Κυρίου σωτηρίαν αἰώνιον· οὐκ αἰσχυνθήσονται οὐδὲ μὴ ἐντραπῶσιν ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος.

300. Only Lord announces truth (45:18-19)
18 Οὕτως λέγει Κύριος ὁ ποιήσας τὸν οὐρανόν – οὗτος ὁ θεὸς ὁ καταδείξας τὴν γῆν καὶ ποιήσας αὐτήν, αὐτὸς διώρισεν αὐτήν, οὐκ εἰς κενὸν ἐποίησεν αὐτὴν ἀλλὰ κατοικεῖσθαι Ἐγώ εἰμι, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἔτι. 19 οὐκ ἐν κρυφῇ λελάληκα οὐδὲ ἐν τόπῳ γῆς σκοτεινῷ· οὐκ εἶπα τῷ σπέρματι Ἰακώβ Μάταιον ζητήσατε· ἐγώ εἰμι ἐγώ εἰμι Κύριος ὁ λαλῶν δικαιοσύνην καὶ ἀναγγέλλων ἀλήθειαν.
301. Only Lord is righteous (45:20-21)
20 συνάχθητε καὶ ἥκετε, βουλεύσασθε ἅμα, οἱ σῳζόμενοι ἀπὸ τῶν ἐθνῶν. οὐκ ἔγνωσαν οἱ αἴροντες τὸ ξύλον γλύμματα αὐτῶν καὶ προσευχόμενοι ὡς πρὸς θεούς, οἳ οὐ σῴζωσιν. 21 εἰ ἀναγγελοῦσιν, ἐγγισάτωσαν, ἵνα γνῶσιν ἅμα τίς ἀκουστὰ ἐποίησεν ταῦτα ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς. πότε ἀνηγγέλη ὑμῖν Ἐγὼ ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἄλλος πλὴν ἐμοῦ· δίκαιος καὶ σωτὴρ οὐκ ἔστιν πάρεξ ἐμοῦ.
302. Every knee will bend to Lord (45:22-25)
22 ἐπιστράφητε πρός με καὶ σωθήσεσθε, οἱ ἀπʼ ἐσχάτου τῆς γῆς· ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἄλλος. 23 κατʼ ἐμαυτοῦ ὀμνύων Εἰ μὴ ἐξελεύσεται ἐκ τοῦ στόματός μου δικαιοσύνη, καὶ οἱ λόγοι μου οὐκ ἀποστραφήσονται ὅτι ἐμοὶ κάμψει πᾶν γόνυ καὶ ὀμνεῖται πᾶσα γλῶσσα τὸν Κύριον 24 λέγων Δικαιοσύνη καὶ εἰρήνη πρὸς αὐτὸν ἥξει, καὶ αἰσχυνθήσονται πάντες οἱ διορίζοντες ἑαυτούς· 25 ἀπὸ Κυρίου δικαιωθήσεται καὶ ἐνδοξασθήσεται πᾶν τὸ σπέρμα τῶν υἱῶν Ἰσραήλ.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
Posts: 774
Joined: May 12th, 2011, 7:50 am
Location: Antigonish, NS, Canada
Contact:

Isaiah Chapter 45 translation

Post by Ken M. Penner » February 17th, 2012, 12:11 pm

293. Cyrus, Lord God's anointed (45:1-6)
45.1 Thus says Lord God to my anointed, Cyrus: I have not grasped your right hand for nations to listen before him. And I will tear the power of kings; I will open doors before him, and cities will not be enclosed. 2 May I go before you, and I will level mountains; I will crush brass doors and shatter iron bars. 3 And I will give you dark treasures; I will open hidden unseen things for you, so that you might know that I am Lord God who calls your name, the God of Israel. 4 For the sake of Iakob, my servant, and Israel, my chosen, I will call you by your name and I will accept you, but you did not know it. 5 For I am Lord God, and there is yet no God yet except me, God and you have not known me, 6 so that those from the rising of the sun and those from the west might know that there is none besides me.
294. Lord God makes all things (45:6-7)
I am Lord God, and yet there is no one. 7 I am the one who prepared light and made darkness, the one who makes peace and who creates evil things. I am Lord God who makes all these things.

295. Lord God formed you (45:8-10)
8 Let the sky above rejoice, and let clouds sprinkle righteousness; let the land cause mercy to sprout and let it sprout righteousness together.

I am Lord God who formed you. 9 What better thing have I prepared as potter's clay? Does the ploughman plough into the ground the whole day? Will the clay say to the potter, What are you doing, because you don’t work or have hands? 10 Does the shape answer the one shaping it? The one who says to the father, Why will you beget? and to the mother, Why will you be in labour?

296. Ask Lord God about what he produced (45:11)
11 For thus says Lord God, the holy one of Israel, who made the things to come: Ask me about my sons and about my daughters, and command me concerning the works of my hands.
297. Lord Sabaoth ordered the world (45:12-13)
12 I myself made the land and humanity upon it; I firmed up the heaven by my hand, I commanded all the stars. 13 I raised him as king with righteousness; all his ways are straight. This one will build my city and will turn back the captivity of my people not by ransoms or gifts, said Lord Sabaoth.

298. Foreigners will worship you (45:14-16)
14 Thus says Lord Sabaoth: Egypt and the trade of Ethiopians has grown weary, and the Sabaein, haughty men, will come over to you and they will be servants to you, and may they follow behind you, chained in handcuffs, and they will worship you and pray by you, because God is among you, and here is no God except you, 15 for you are God, and we did not know it. The God of Israel is a saviour. 16 All who oppose him will be put to shame and dishonoured, and they will walk in shame.

299. Lord will restore Israel (45:16-17)
Be renewed to me, islands! 17 Israel will be saved by Lord with an eternal salvation; they will not be put to shame or be dishonoured forever.
300. Only Lord announces truth (45:18-19)
18 Thus says Lord who made the sky; this is God who has brought the land to light and made it; he delimited it; he did not make it for nothing, but for it to be inhabited: I am, and there is none besides. 19 I have not spoken in secret or in a dark place of land. I did not say to the seed of Iakob, Seek pointlessly! I am; I am Lord who speaks righteousness and announces truth.
301. Only Lord is righteous (45:20-21)
20 Gather together and come, deliberate together, you who are saved from the nations! They have not known, those who lift up the tree, their engravings, and pray as if to gods who do not save. 21 If they announce, let them approach, so that they might know at once who made these audible things from the beginning. At some time it will be announced to you, I am God, and there is no other besides me, there is no one righteous and saviour except me.
302. Every knee will bend to Lord (45:22-25)
22 Return to me and you will be saved, you from the end of the land. I am God, and there is no other, 23 swearing by my own self: Unless righteousness will go forth my mouth, and my words will not return, because every knee will bend to me, and every tongue will swear by the lord, 24 saying, Righteousness and peace will be present with him, and all who distinguish themselves will be put to shame. 25 He will be justified by Lord, and every seed of the sons of Israel will be glorified.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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