Ken Litwak wrote:In Rom 1:6 it renders KLHTOI IHSOU, which some translations (ESV, NET) render as "called to belong to Jesus." Rom 1:7 renders KLHTOIS (AGIOIS as "called to be saints." To me that introduces an implicit condition into the phrase that the Greek does not present. It suggests, I think, something like, "You are called to be saints, if you live up to that calling." I think the NASU's rendering "the called of Jesus" for KLHTOI IHSOU and "called as saints," or perhaps, based on p. 149, "the called who are saints," for KLHTOIS (AGIOIS) is better. Wallace (GGBB, 126) treats constructs like that of Rom 1:t as a gen. of agency, so it would be "called by Jesus," though he notes on p. 127 that there are arguments against this translation and that it could instead be a possessive gen., "called to belong to Jesus." I am aware that Greek has verbless clauses where some form of EIMI may be supplied but that is usually between two nominatives, not a nominative and a genitive.
I would take all three phrases "κλητοὶ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ" and "ἀγαπητοῖς θεοῦ" and "κλητοῖς ἁγίοις" to be the same kind of possessive constructions, describing the same group of people as "called ones who belong to Jesus Christ" and "beloved ones who belong to God" and "holy ones who have been called". I don't think it means "called to be ..." or "called as ...", but to be "a called one of Jesus" does imply to be "called by Jesus".
[Rom 1:6-7] in whom also you are called ones of Jesus Christ; to all the ones who are in Rome, beloved ones of God, called holy ones: Grace and peace be to you from God, our father, and the lord Jesus Christ.