Mike Burke wrote:What is the etymology of Phonos?
Does the word itself convey the concept of premeditation, or unauthorized killing?
Would it automatically exclude justifiable homicide, execution, and killing in time of war?
although it is used of death through negligence in Deuteronomy 22:8. It's also used to describe the Israelites' killing their enemies in battle in Leviticus 26:7
There is no automatic about it. It depends on context.
The killing of one human being by another human being.
Although the term homicide is sometimes used synonymously with murder, homicide is broader in scope than murder. Murder is a form of criminal homicide; other forms of homicide might not constitute criminal acts. These homicides are regarded as justified or excusable. For example, individuals may, in a necessary act of Self-Defense, kill a person who threatens them with death or serious injury, or they may be commanded or authorized by law to kill a person who is a member of an enemy force or who has committed a serious crime.
Mike Burke wrote:And what is the etymology?
Mike Burke wrote:could "homicide" be a better definition of "phonos" than murder?
(I.-E. gu̯hen- cf. Skt. hánti, pl. ghnánti, Hittite kuenzi, pl. kunanzi 'strike', 'kill'; gu̯hon- in Gr. φόνος; gu̯hn- in Skt. ghn-ánti, Gr. ἔ-πε-φν-ον (redupl.); gu̯hn̥- in Skt. -hata-, Gr. -φατο-, πέφαται, etc.)
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