Timeline: The Early Renaissance
Original name ALESSANDRO DI MARIANO FILIPEPI (b. 1445, Florence [Italy]--d. May 17, 1510, Florence), Florentine early Renaissance painter whose Birth of Venus (c. 1485) and Primavera (1477-78) are often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance. His ecclesiastical commissions included work for all the major churches of Florence and for the Sistine Chapel in Rome. His name is derived from his elder brother Giovanni, a pawnbroker, who was called Il Botticello ("The Little Barrel").
Although he was one of the most individual painters of the Italian Renaissance, Sandro Botticelli remained little known for centuries after his death. Then his work was rediscovered late in the 19th century by a group of artists in England known as the Pre-Raphaelites.
Born Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi in Florence in 1445, Botticelli was apprenticed to a goldsmith. Later he was a pupil of the painter Fra Filippo Lippi. He spent all his life in Florence except for a visit to Rome in 1481-82. There he painted wall frescoes in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican.
In Florence, Botticelli was a protege of several members of the powerful Medici family. He painted portraits of the family and many religious pictures, including the famous The Adoration of the Magi. The most original of his paintings are those illustrating Greek and Roman legends. The best known are the two large panels Primavera and The Birth of Venus.
The Adoration of the Magi
1470-75; Tempera on panel; 111 x 134 cm; Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
1477-78; "Allegory of Spring"; 315 x 205 cm; painted for the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello
now in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence
Madonna of the Magnificat
c.1485; Tempera on Panel, diameter 118 cm, in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence
(thanks to Tim Sullivan, firstname.lastname@example.org)
The Birth of Venus
c. 1485-86; painted for the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello; Tempera on canvas, 172.5 x 278.5 cm; now in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence
Madonna of the Pomegranate
Madonna and Child and six Angels, c. 1487, Uffizi in Florence
The Cestello Annunciation
c. 1489; Tempera on panel, 150 x 156 cm; Uffizi, Florence
External links and references: Wikipedia article on Sandro Botticelli