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Martini, Simone


Martini, Simone (circa 1280-1344), Italian painter, who was one of the most original and influential artists of the Sienese school. Simone was born in Siena. Building on the techniques for indicating three-dimensional space developed by the Sienese master Duccio di Buoninsegna, Simone added a refined contour of line, grace of expression, and serenity of mood. He painted many frescoes, introducing the fresco technique into the Sienese school. He also painted altarpiece panels, such as the Virgin and Child (1320) for the Church of Saint Catherine in Pisa.

Simone lived in Assisi for a time, where he produced one of his greatest frescoes, illustrating scenes from the life of St. Martin for the chapel of St. Martin. In 1339, at the request of Pope Benedict XII, he went to Avignon, where he executed frescoes in the papal palace and the cathedral. Among his works are Saint John the Baptist (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.) and The Annunciation (1333, Uffizi Gallery, Florence), considered one of the greatest achievements of the Sienese school.

Image Saint Martin Renouncing the Sword
1317 (60 Kb); Wall painting; Lower Church of San Francesco at Assisi

Image The Carrying of the Cross
1325-35 (50 Kb); Wood; Louvre

Image Detail of the Annunciation and the Two Saints
co-authored by Martini and Lippo Memmi (1317-47); 1333 (70 Kb); tempera on wood; Uffizi

Image The Angel of the Annunciation
after 1339 (40 Kb); Panel painting; Musee Royal des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp

Image The Virgin of the Annunciation
after 1339 (40 Kb); Panel painting; Musee Royal des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp

Photographs by Carol Gerten-Jackson.


27 Jul 2002, Nicolas Pioch - Top - Up - Info
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